Interview with Luis Ángel Bujedo Nieto

“From an economic and environmental point of view, it is not enough to work with the total or annual values of the different parameters, we need to consider the evolution as well along time, if truly accurate information is to be obtained”

Interview with Luis Ángel Bujedo Nieto, Head of Energy Systems Area, Energy Division, and Francisco Morentin Gutiérrez, R&D Engineer, Energy Division, at CARTIF

What does an impact analysis consist of?

Briefly summarised, a complete analysis of the impact evaluation provides information on (i) impact achievement (effectiveness), (ii) impact justifies the cost of the action (efficiency) and (iii) more effective and efficient alternatives available on the market.

Impact analyses are usually related to actions that are intended to change something at different levels (technical, social, etcetera). Due to the budget, and the scope linked to large research and development projects (as it could be SO WHAT’s), it is key to carry out an evaluation of their impact. To be able to draw a logical conclusion, this analysis requires quantifying results.

In this sense, the impact assessment must be addressed at two levels: on the one hand, the degree of awareness of the project – how many people are aware of SO-WHAT’s activities and scope-. On the other hand, the evaluation of the impact of the results obtained, which must be linked to users who have used the tool and their satisfaction level.

How does CARTIF carry out this analysis?

First, we would like to highlight that this analysis should be as analytical as possible, based on both direct and indirect measures.

For example, to assess the public’s awareness of the project, a simple measure of media impact can be performed by initially conducting an Internet search and looking at the number of references found. The same thing happens in terms of impacts on social networks, references to publications, etcetera.

From its side, to evaluate the validity of the results obtained, the best way to have a measure is to carry out online surveys, interviews with users, analysis of the number of downloads, etcetera.

In conclusion, the combination of both aspects allows a global impact evaluation, as well as detecting possible areas for improvement. Thus, for example, very good project dissemination but with a reduced number of downloads, or low rates, could indicate that a bad product has been made. However, achieving a high number of references, users, and/or good satisfaction rates, indicates a good product. Anyway, dissemination is a key point, as low dissemination values ​​will logically condition the second part, since it is difficult for anyone to use something that they are not aware exists.

Which lessons learnt are expected to be obtained?

In general terms, the end of any project is a good time to think about what has been well done, and what can be improved. For example, if the same project is carried out twice, surely the second will implement changes with respect to the first one. Therefore, once the project is over, a series of capabilities and skills are expected to be acquired. In this case, the capabilities are related to the analysis, evaluation, and implementation of heat recovery systems, both from the point of view of developing a software application and from its actual implementation.

Although answering the question now would be a bit of a cheat as the results of the simulations are not available yet, we can anticipate the importance of the synchronisation between the demand and the generation of waste heat. Traditionally, it has been considered that the recovery of waste heat is based on a triangle formed by three aspects: the availability of a source of waste heat, the existence of an available receiver of the recovered energy and finally the technical availability and cost-effectiveness of the technology to process (and/or transform) the recovered heat.

However, from an economic and environmental point of view, it is not enough to work with the total or annual values ​​of the above parameters. It will be also necessary to consider the evolution along time, if truly accurate information is to be obtained. In this process, the characterisation of the initial state, as well as the automatic search for recovery points, is possibly the most complex part, since it requires a dynamic analysis in which many factors are considered: simultaneity, temperature values, technical and economic feasibility, etcetera.

Interview with Sara Abd Alla

“RINA will follow up the replication studies that will demonstrate the techno-economic feasibility of industrial heat/cold recovery and ensure maximized scalability and replicability of results”

Interview with Sara Abd Alla, Engineer, Giorgio Bonvicini, Senior Energy Engineer and Arianna Amati, Senior Project Manager at RINA.

What has RINA done so far in terms of validation of the future tool? 

What are the next steps? 

Among its different responsibilities within SO WHAT, RINA leads the tool validation in real industrial demo cases. In this sense, RINA facilitates the interactions between the industrial demos and the project partners. The main aspect of these responsibilities is to focus on the requirements for providing a complete overview of the waste heat/cold streams in the SO WHAT tool. 

In December 2021, RINA submitted a report supplying a framework of the current metering systems available at the demo sites. A gap analysis towards the best practices available was led, and the main issues identified by the partner IESRD in their former report on industrial demo sites assessment were addressed. Commissioning will be further treated in an updated version of this report in light of further developments of the SO WHAT project.

In the upcoming months, RINA will lead the discussion with the clusters on the current and planned installations. For Example Kelvin in close cooperation with  IESVE will validate the way real data from the monitoring platform and simulated data from the SO what tool  leads to a techno-economic feasibility of industrial heat/cold recovery and ensure maximized scalability and replicability of results outlining innovative pathways for rapid replication across the EU.

Interview with Sofia Klugman

Interview with Sofia Klugman

“An attractive business model is crucial for the exploitation of the great potential for industrial waste heat in Europe”

Interview with Sofia Klugman, Researcher and Project Manager at the Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL)

Why is it important to carry out a business model analysis for the SO WHAT tool?

An attractive business model is crucial for the exploitation of the great potential for industrial waste heat in Europe. All stakeholders involved need to clarify the advantages and risks of waste heat collaboration. Likewise, roles and undertakings of different stakeholders need to be clear, as could be, for example, the equipment’s ownership or system’s maintenance.

Which aspects of your work will you highlight?

From my perspective, the opportunity to reduce risks by waste heat collaboration is a great advantage, mainly since the heat user will rely less on energies with volatile prices and environmental impact. For industries, a new revenue stream for heat sales occurs and costs for cooling towers could be avoided. For example, if environmental permits limit the release of heat to water, external delivery of waste heat may be a way to expand production. However, to be able to reach these advantages, a great deal of engagement is needed to get collaboration in place, not the least in countries with little experience of district heating and cooling. In this sense, a standardised excess heat recovery policy in the EU would significantly facilitate the progress.

20211028 KTN event-3

Transforming Foundation Industries Conference

Our partner Oliver Milling, from Materials Processing Institute, is presenting the So WHAT Project tool at a conference on energy efficiency (process efficiency, heat recovery) hosted by KTN, 3 November from 9:30 to 12:30.

The session is part of the three-days online conference Transforming Foundation Industries organized by KTN in partnership with TFI Network+ and TransFIRe with the aim to find solution providers to address the challenges of the Foundation Industries (FIs).

The presentations and discussions will consider the innovation opportunities for newer types of heat capture technologies, improved ways for moving heat energy, techniques to better match varying demands and heat streams, opportunities for co-location and methods for quicker evaluation of opportunities.

More information and registrations on this link


SO WHAT at EUSEW’S Extended Programme

Our technical project coordinator Nick Purshouse, from IES Ltd., participated in an online workshop in the framework of EUSEW’s Extended Programme on Monday, 12 October 2021.

The session was organized in cooperation with the Alliance for Energy Cooperation in European Industries (Alliance4ECEI) and it aimed at exploring the role that industrial waste heat and cold recovery, as well as energy cooperation in Industrial Parks can play in the energy transition and in benefiting economic growth.

All the speakers that participated in this session have in-depth experience with cooperative, industrial solutions and talked about the challenges energy cooperation projects face from the perspectives of different actors. Moreover, they also presented the main barriers they are facing to boost the collaboration and possible pathways to overcome them, with a specific focus on the tools and concepts they are developing, as well as on the policy framework needed and real-life examples and best practices across Europe.


SO WHAT celebrates M30 General Assembly Meeting

The SO WHAT Project partners hosted an online General Assembly meeting on 6 and 7 October, to evaluate the work performed in the first 30 months of the project and coordinate the upcoming activities.

Until now the theoretical foundations of the project have been laid, including data handling, technologies and mapping; the specifications of the tool and the common IT framework were defined, and the economic focus of the project (contracts, barriers, CBA, financing model) was analysed.

At the moment, the tool development is undergoing, all the technologies are being implemented in the tool in different ways, and the integration of different modules is being performed.

Validation is also starting in this phase. The analysis of demo and case studies for the future testing and the replication are soon to be performed.

Last, but not least, the training modules are under development, aiming to ease the further replication and exploitation of the SO WHAT Tool.

In addition to analysing the activities carried out and planning the work ahead, the project partners also engaged in an Exploitation Workshop led by Sustainable Innovations to assess the project’s Key Exploitable Results and how to make the most out of them.

sustainable places

SO WHAT at Sustainable Places 2021

The SO WHAT project participated, together with the Alliance for Energy Cooperation in European Industries, in the Industry 4.1 paper session at the Sustainable Places event in Rome, September 30.

Our project coordinator Francesco Peccianti from RINA Consulting, presented the Alliance4ECEI’s goals and objectives and each of the projects that form it. He also stressed out, taking advantage of the technical audience of this event, that the alliance is looking for new collaborators to join. In case you missed the presentation, you can find it here.

And, if you are interested in becoming a member of the Alliance4ECEII, you can contact ys by sending an email to

The objectives of the Alliance4ECEI are to

  • enhance the collaboration to boost energy efficiency in European industries,
  • maximize the impact and improve the quality and the relevance of the outputs generated by each of the projects conforming the alliance,
  • boost industrial symbiosis as well as waste heat and waste cold recovery and reuse,
  • contribute to the 2050 goal of zero net carbon emissions.

SO WHAT hosts joint workshop as part of EUSEW’s extended programme

The SO WHAT project will host, together with the other four members of the Alliace4ECEI (EMB3RsINCUBISR-ACES and S-PARCS), an online workshop, as part of the Extended Programme of the EU Sustainable Energy Week (EUSEW). The session, entitled Unlocking Energy Cooperation in EU Industries: Main Tools and Challenges, will take place on October 11, from 10:30 to 12:00.

The main goal of this workshop is to raise awareness on the opportunities of energy cooperation from the industrial perspective, encouraging collaboration among the different stakeholders and highlighting both the mutual benefits and how they can overcome specific barriers thanks to combined action plans.

The projects will present their accumulated experience and discuss the barriers encountered to energy cooperation and possible pathways to overcome them, with a specific focus on the tools and concepts they are developing, as well as on real-life examples and best practices across Europe. Free registrations are available on LinkedIn on this link:



SO WHAT participates in the Horizon Results Booster

The SO WHAT Project held its first meeting with the Horizon Results Booster as part of its activities in the framework of the Alliance for Energy Cooperation in European Industries (Alliance4ECEI). Together with the other projects that form the Alliace4ECEI (EMB3RsINCUBIS, R-ACES and S-PARCS), we are looking at how to take our collaboration further and leverage all the European Commission tools to maximise our impact.

The Horizon Results Booster is a new package of specialised services to maximise the impact of R&I public investment and further amplify the added value of the Framework Programmes. It helps to bring a continual stream of innovation to the market and beyond. It will help to speed up the journey towards creating an impact, providing support to remove bottlenecks. The participating projects can benefit from “à la carte” tailor-made services designed to build their capacity for disseminating research results. They receive support to increase the project results’ exploitation potential and improve their access to markets.